The layout of the engine assembly line must be carefull […]
The layout of the engine assembly line must be carefully planned and prepared, otherwise, the designed products, expensive equipment and good sales will be ruined by the poor assembly line layout. At the same time, the assembly line layout must be combined with modern management, and how to manage it. Some advanced management methods are directly related to the assembly line layout.
1. Assembly production line equipment
The selection of assembly line equipment is determined according to product technical requirements and assembly process methods. The correct selection of process equipment and tooling for the assembly line layout can not only improve production efficiency and reduce manufacturing costs, but also rationalize the assembly line layout process. The issues to be considered when selecting assembly line equipment include: product production program; product quality requirements; equipment advancement; equipment reliability; equipment price;
2. Assembled products
Product structure and assembly production process design are the primary considerations in the assembly line layout. Analyzing and researching the product structure and putting forward suggestions for improving the product structure can greatly simplify the production process of the assembly line.
3. Production method
The production method is an aspect that needs to be considered in the layout of the assembly production line. To determine the production method, the following points need to be clarified: production program; work system, here refers to the working shifts and working hours of each shift; the type of production line, it is necessary to consider whether to use automatic or assembly line production Stand-alone production or cluster production; management methods refer to the management methods, systems and regulations required to ensure production.
4. Assembly production line logistics and transportation
The material flow is done through transportation. Material transportation is essential in the factory, and we should choose an economical and reasonable transportation method. It can be concluded that the amount of material movement depends on its production factors. The layout of the assembly line must ensure that the material flow has the shortest distance, and always flow to the end of the product assembly line, and establish a control system to ensure the flow of materials. .
5. Warehousing and auxiliary facilities
The material flow always flows to the end of the assembly process, but whenever the material is interrupted, there will be a production stoppage. Therefore, it is necessary to keep a certain amount of reserves to ensure the flow of materials on the assembly line, which is economical and reasonable in terms of maintaining production and balancing process capabilities. In addition, auxiliary equipment also plays an important role in providing maintenance and services for production.
Once the plant is established, its variability is relatively small, so it should be carefully considered when designing, and the structure of the plant should be determined according to the production characteristics. If there are special requirements in the assembly process, the workshop shall be specially designed. Generally, general-purpose workshops should be used, and multi-storey workshops should be comprehensively considered according to the assembly line layout process characteristics and land occupation.
7.the assembly line must be flexible